Prevention remains a critical pillar in the national response to HIV and AIDS. Effective prevention programs inherently have long term collateral benefits for treatment, care and support and impact mitigation intervention. Prevention interventions are designed to reduce exposure to HIV; reduce the probability of transmission when exposed; influence change in societal norms, values and practices that tend to impact on peoples’ ability to adopt key prevention behaviours.
The strategic direction for prevention is to ensure that interventions reduce incidence rates to levels at which the epidemic starts declining.
To achieve the results set out in the National Strategic Framework, the following strategies and programme have been prioritised.
- Social and behaviour change communication programmes
- Reduction of multiple concurrent partners among sexually active population
- Increased and comprehensive knowledge of HIV and AIDSScaling up of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT)
- Male circumcision of HIV negative men, with 15-24 being a priority age group. The programmes will also bring on board infant circumcision.
For more information on HIV Prevention in Swaziland, visit the Swaziland HIV Prevention toolkit.